Year 

Winner 
Winner Work 
2013 

Henning Sirringhaus 
for his pioneering development of inkjet printing processes for organic semiconductor devices, and dramatic improvement of their functioning and efficiency 
2012 



2011 

Matthew Rosseinsky 
for his influential discoveries in the synthetic chemistry of solid state electronic materials and novel microporous structures 
2010 

Andre Geim 
for his revolutionary discovery of graphene, and elucidation of its remarkable properties 
2009 



2008 

Michele Dougherty 
for innovative use of magnetic field data that led to discovery of an atmosphere around one of Saturn's moons and the way it revolutionised our view of the role of planetary moons in the Solar System 
2007 

Artur Ekert 
for his pioneering work on quantum cryptography and his many important contributions to the theory of quantum computation and other branches of quantum physics 
2006 

Michael Kelly 
for his work in the fundamental physics of electron transport and the creation of practical electronic devices which can be deployed in advanced systems 
2005 

Keith Moffatt 
for his contributions to the understanding of magnetohydrodynamics, especially to the mechanisms determining how magnetic fields can develop from a low background level to substantial amplitude 
2004 

John Clarke 
for his outstanding research, leading the world in the invention, building and development of innovative new Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUID), in their theory and in their application to a plethora of fundamental problems and their investigative tools 
2003 

Peter Edwards 
For his distinguished work as a solid state chemist. He has made seminal contributions to fields including superconductivity and the behaviour of metal nanoparticles, and has greatly advanced our understanding of the phenomenology of the metalinsulator transition. 
2002 

Alexander Dalgarno 
For his contributions to the theory of atomic and molecular process, and in particular its application to astrophysics. His studies of energy depositions provide the key to understanding emissions from terrestrial aurorae, planetary atmospheres and comets. 
2001 

John Pethica 
For his contributions to the field of nanometre and atomic scale mechanics. He invented and developed the technique of nanoindentation thereby revolutionising the mechanical characterisation of ultrasmall volumes of materials. This has had a major influence on those industries concerned with thin film and coating technologies. 
2000 

C. N. R. Rao 
For his contributions to the field of materials chemistry, in particular, in relation to studies of the electronic and magnetic properties of transition metal oxides and high temperature superconductors. His work has been an inspiration to a generation of Indian scientists. 
1999 

Alexander Boksenberg 
For his landmark discoveries concerning the nature of active galactic nuclei, the physics of the intergalactic medium and of the interstellar gas in primordial galaxies. He is noted also for his exceptional contributions to the development of astronomical instrumentation including the Image Photon Counting System, a revolutionary electronic area detector for the detection of faint sources, which gave a major impetus to optical astronomy in the United Kingdom. 
1998 

Raymond Hide 
For his distinguished experimental and theoretical investigations of the hydrodynamics of rotating fluids and the application of such basic studies to the understanding of motions in the atmosphere and interiors of the major planets. 
1997 

Andrew Lang 
For his fundamental work on Xray diffraction physics and for his developments of the techniques of Xray topography, in particular in studying defects in crystal structures. 
1996 

A. David Buckingham 
For his contributions to chemical physics, in particular to longrange intermolecular forces, nonlinear optics, problems related to the polarizability of the helium atom, the interpretation of NMR spectra, and the applications of ab initio computations. 
1995 

David Shoenberg 
For his work on the electronic structure of solids, in particular by exploiting low temperature techniques, particularly the De Haas Van Alphen effect, defining the Fermi surface of many metals. 
1994 

Robert G. Chambers 
For his many contributions to solidstate physics, in particular his ingenious and technically demanding experiment which verified the AhoronovBohm effect concerning the behaviour of charged particles in magnetic fields 
1993 

George Isaak 
for his pioneering use of resonant scattering techniques to make extremely precise measures of Doppler velocity shifts in the solar photosphere 
1992 

M. J. Seaton 
For his theoretical research in atomic physics and leadership of the Opacity Project. 
1991 

Philip Burton Moon 
For his contributions in three main areas of science  nuclear physics, the discovery of gammaray resonances, and the use of colliding molecular beams to study chemical reactions. 
1990 

Thomas Cowling 
for his fundamental contributions to theoretical astrophysics including seminal theoretical studies of the role of electromagnetic induction in cosmic systems 
1989 

John Stewart Bell 
for his outstanding contributions to our understanding of the structure and interpretation of quantum theory, in particular demonstrating the unique nature of its predictions 
1988 

Archibald Howie 
for their contributions to the theory of electron diffraction and microscopy, and its application to the study of lattice defects in crystals 

M.J. Whelan 
for their contributions to the theory of electron diffraction and microscopy, and its application to the study of lattice defects in crystals 
1987 

Michael Pepper 
for his many important experimental investigations into the fundamental properties of semiconductors especially lowdimensional systems, where he has elucidated some of their unusual properties like electron localization and the Quantum Hall effects 
1986 

Michael Woolfson 
For the creation of algorithms including MULTAN and SAYTAN which are used worldwide to solve the majority of reported crystal structures. 
1985 

Tony Skyrme 
for his contributions to theoretical particle and nuclear physics, and his discovery that particlelike entities simulating the properties of baryons can occur in nonlinear meson field theories 
1984 

Roy Kerr 
for his distinguished work on relativity, especially for his discovery of the socalled Kerr Black Hole, which has been very influential 
1983 

John Clive Ward 
For his highly influential and original contributions to quantum field theory, particularly the Ward identity and the SalamWard theory of weak interactions. 
1982 

Drummond Matthews 
For their elucidation of the magnetic properties of the ocean floors which subsequently led to the plate tectonic hypothesis. 

Frederick Vine 
For their elucidation of the magnetic properties of the ocean floors which subsequently led to the plate tectonic hypothesis. 
1981 

Peter Higgs 
For their international contributions about the spontaneous breaking of fundamental symmetries in elementaryparticle theory. 

Tom W. B. Kibble 
For their international contributions about the spontaneous breaking of fundamental symmetries in elementaryparticle theory. 
1980 

Francis Farley 
For his ultraprecise measurements of the muon magnetic moment, a severe test of quantum electrodynamics and of the nature of the muon. 
1979 

Robert Joseph Paton Williams 
For his distinguished studies of the conformations of computer molecules in solution by the use of nuclear magnetic resonance. 
1978 

William Cochran 
For his pioneering contributions to the science of Xray crystallography, in which his work has made a profound impact on its development and application, and for his original contributions to lattice dynamics and its relation to phase transitions, which stimulated a new and fruitful field of results. 
1977 

Antony Hewish 
For his outstanding contributions to radioastronomy, including the discovery and identification of pulsars. 
1976 

Stephen Hawking 
For his distinguished contributions to the application of general relativity to astrophysics, especially to the behaviour of highly condensed matter. 
1975 

Richard Dalitz 
For his distinguished contributions to the theory of the basic particles of matter. 
1974 

Peter Fowler 
For his outstanding contributions to cosmic ray and elementary particle physics. 
1973 

Peter Hirsch 
For his distinguished contributions to the development of the electron microscope thin film technique for the study of crystal defects and its application to a very wide range of problems in materials science and metallurgy. 
1972 

Brian Josephson 
Particularly for his discovery of the remarkable properties of junctions between superconducting materials. 
1971 

Robert Hanbury Brown 
For his distinguished work in developing a new form of stellar interfrometer, culminating in his observations of alpha virginis. 
1970 

David Bates 
For his distinguished contributions to theoretical atomic and molecular physics and its applications to atmospheric physics, plasma physics and astrophysics. 
1969 

Nicholas Kurti 
For his distinguished work in lowtemperature physics and in thermodynamics. 
1968 

Freeman Dyson 
For his distinguished fundamental work in theoretical physics, and especially on quantum electrodynamics. 
1967 

Kurt Mendelssohn 
For his distinguished contributions to cryophysics, especially his discoveries in superconductivity and superfluidity. 
1966 

Nicholas Kemmer 
For his numerous discoveries of major importance in theoretical nuclear physics which he has made. 
1965 

Denys Wilkinson 
For his distinguished experimental and theoretical investigation in nuclear structure and high energy physics. 
1964 

Abdus Salam 
For his distinguished contributions to quantum mechanics and the theory of fundamental particles. 
1963 

Frederic Calland Williams 
For distinguished work on early computers. 
1962 

Brebis Bleaney 
For his distinguished studies of electrical and magnetic phenomena and their correlation with atomic and molecular properties. 
1961 

Alan Cottrell 
For his distinguished work on the physical properties of metals, particularly in relation to mechanical deformation and to the effects of irradiation. 
1960 

Joseph Lade Pawsey 
For his distinguished contributions to radio astronomy both in the study of solar and of cosmic ray emission. 
1959 

Brian Pippard 
For his distinguished contributions in the field of low temperature physics. 
1958 

Edward Andrade 
For his distinguished contributions to many branches of classical physics. 
1957 

Joseph Proudman 
For his distinguished work on dynamical oceanography. 
1956 

Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell 
For his distinguished work in many fields: the meting point formula and theory of specific heats; ionisation of stars; meteors and temperature inversion in the stratosphere. 
1955 

Harrie Massey 
For his distinguished contributions to atomic and molecular physics, particularly in regard to collisions involving the production and recombination of ions. 
1954 

Martin Ryle 
For his distinguished and original experimental researches in radio astronomy. 
1953 

Edward Bullard 
For his important contributions to the development, both theoretical and experimental, of the physics of the Earth. 
1952 

Philip Dee 
Particularly for his distinguished studies on the disintegration of atomic nuclei, particularly those using the Wilson cloud chamber technique. 
1951 

Hans Kramers 
For his distinguished work on the quantum theory, particularly its application to the optical and magnetic properties of matter. 
1950 

Max Born 
For his contributions to theoretical physics in general and to the development of quantum mechanics in particular. 
1949 

C. F. Powell 
For his distinguished work on the photography of particle tracks, and in connexion with the discovery of mesons and their transformation. 
1948 

Robert WatsonWatt 
For his distinguished contributions to atmospheric physics and to the development of radar. 
1947 

Frédéric JoliotCurie 
For his distinguished contributions to nuclear physics, particularly the discovery of artificial radioactivity and of neutron emission in the fission process. 
1946 

John Randall 
For his distinguished researches into fluorescent materials and into the production of high frequency electromagnetic radiation. 
1945 

Basil Schonland 
For his work on atmospheric electricity and of other physical researches. 
1944 

George Finch 
For his fundamental contributions to the study of the structure and properties of surfaces, and for his important work on the electrical ignition of gases. 
1943 

Mark Oliphant 
For his distinguished work in nuclear physics and mastery of methods of generating and applying high potentials. 
1942 

Enrico Fermi 
For his outstanding contributions to the knowledge of the electrical structure of matter, his work in quantum theory, and his experimental studies of the neutron. 
1941 

Nevill Francis Mott 
For his fertile application of the principles of quantum theory to many branches of physics, especially in the fields of nuclear and collision theory, in the theory of metals and in the theory of photographic emulsions. 
1940 

Arthur Compton 
For his discovery of the Compton Effect; and for his work on cosmic rays. 
1939 

George Paget Thomson 
For his important discoveries in connexion with the diffraction of electrons by matter. 
1938 

John Cockcroft 
For their discovery that nuclei could be disintegrated by artificially produced bombarding particles. 

Ernest Walton 
For their discovery that nuclei could be disintegrated by artificially produced bombarding particles. 
1937 

Ernest Lawrence 
For his work on the development of the cyclotron and its application to investigations of nuclear disintegration. 
1936 

Walter H. Schottky 
For his discovery of the Schrot Effect in thermionic emission and his invention of the screengrid tetrode and a superheterodyne method of receiving wireless signals. 
1935 

Clinton Davisson 
For his research that resulted in the discovery of the physical existence of electron waves through longcontinued investigations on the reflection of electrons from the crystal planes of nickel and other metals. 
1934 

Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn 
For his work as a physicist and technician on longwave Xrays. 
1933 

Edward Victor Appleton 
For his researches into the effect of the Heaviside layer upon the transmission of wireless signals. 
1932 

James Chadwick 
For his researches on radioactivity. 
1931 

William Lawrence Bragg 
For his pioneer work on the elucidation of crystal structure by Xray analysis. 
1930 

C. V. Raman 
For his studies on the abnormal scattering of light. 
1929 

Hans Geiger 
For his invention and development of methods of counting alpha and beta particles. 
1928 

Maurice de Broglie 
For his work on Xray spectra. 
1927 

William D. Coolidge 
For his work on the Xrays and the development of highly efficient apparatus for their production. 
1926 

Henry Jackson 
For his pioneer work in the scientific investigations of radiotelegraphy and its application to navigation. 
1925 

Frank Edward Smith 
For his determination of fundamental electrical units and for researches in technical electricity. 
1924 



1923 

Robert Andrews Millikan 
For his determination of the electronic charge and of other physical constants. 
1922 

Francis William Aston 
For his discovery of isotopes of a large number of the elements by the method of positive rays. 
1921 

Niels Henrik David Bohr 
For his research in theoretical physics 
1920 

Owen Willans Richardson 
For his work in experimental physics, and especially thermionics. 
1919 

Charles Chree 
For his researches in terrestrial magnetism. 
1918 

Irving Langmuir 
For his researches in molecular physics. 
1917 

Charles Glover Barkla 
For his researches in connexion with Xray radiation. 
1916 

Elihu Thomson 
For his researches in experimental electricity. 
1915 

Paul Langevin 
For his important contributions to, and preeminent position in, electrical science. 
1914 

John Sealy Townsend 
For his researches on electric induction in gases. 
1913 

Alexander Graham Bell 
Invention of the telephone (For his share in the invention of the telephone, and more especially the construction of the telephone receiver.) 
1912 

William Duddell 
For his investigations in technical electricity. 
1911 

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson 
For his work on nuclei in dustfree air, and his work on ions in gases and atmospheric electricity. 
1910 

John Ambrose Fleming 
For his researches in electricity and electrical measurements. 
1909 

Richard Glazebrook 
For his researches on electrical standards. 
1908 

Eugen Goldstein 
For his discoveries on the nature of electric discharge in rarefied gasses. 
1907 

Ernest Howard Griffiths 
For his contributions to exact physical measurement. 
1906 

Hertha Marks Ayrton 
For her experimental investigations on the electric arc, and also on sand ripples. 
1905 

Augusto Righi 
For his experimental researches in electrical science, including electric vibrations. 
1904 

Joseph Swan 
For his invention of the incandescent lamp, and his other inventions and improvements in the practical applications of electricity. 
1903 

Johann Wilhelm Hittorf 
For his long continued experimental researches on the electric discharge in liquids and gases. 
1902 

Joseph John Thomson 
For his numerous contributions to electric science, especially in reference to the phenomena of electric discharge in gases. 