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2015 Canada Gairdner Award Winners Announced

2015 Canada Gairdner AwardThe Gairdner Foundation has announced its 2015 Canada Gairdner International Award winners at a dinner in Toronto on October 29th, 2015 as part of the Gairdner National and Student Outreach Programs. The Canada Gairdner International Award, an esteemed medical research prize considered to be a good predictor of future Nobel Prize winners. The award recognizes outstanding biomedical scientists who have made original contributions to medicine with the goal of contributing through research to increased understanding of human biology and disease.

Seven Canada Gairdner Awards are given annually in three different areas. such as
1> Canada Gairdner Global Health Award(1)
2> Canada Gairdner Wightman Award(1)
3> Canada Gairdner International Award(5)

Canada Gairdner Awards 2015 Winners List
Canada Gairdner Global Health Award
Peter Piot Peter Piot MD PhD FRCP FMedSci
Director of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine School, and Professor of Global Health is the recipient of the Canada Gairdner Global Health Award, for his co-discovery of the Ebola virus in 1976, his many contributions to HIV/AIDS research and his extraordinary leadership in the global response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, especially in Africa. Playing a leading role in bringing the AIDS epidemic to the forefront of global attention, Dr. Piot helped to raise international commitments to its AIDS research funding and building scientifically grounded responses to its control and treatment. His team’s work on the strong association of tuberculosis and HIV in Africa, followed by clinical and therapeutic studies,also led to new guidelines for managing tuberculosis in Africa. His studies on the prevention of HIV infection among high risk populations were again among the first in Africa, and demonstrated that such prevention is possible.
Canada Gairdner Wightman Award
Dr. Janet RossantDr. Janet Rossant
SickKids Chief of Research and a world-renowned expert in developmental biology, is the recipient of the 2015 Canada Gairdner Wightman Award, for her outstanding scientific contributions to developmental biology and for her exceptional international leadership in stem cell biology and policy-making, and in advancing research programs for children’s illnesses. Dr. Rossant has provided significant insights into how an embryo develops, how genes control development and how pluripotent and other stem cells are established, study of birth defects as well as regenerative medicine. Her interests in the early embryo led to the discovery in 1998 of a novel placental stem cell type, the trophoblast stem cell. Further, her research on the genes controlling blood vessel development and how congenital anomalies in the heart has defined novel pathways for new drug interventions in cancer.
Canada Gairdner international Award
Yoshinori OhsumiYoshinori Ohsumi(PhD)
An associate professor in College of Arts and Sciences of The Univ. of Tokyo got the award for pioneering the molecular elucidation of autophagy, an essential intracellular, degradation system and when disordered, is linked to many diseases including neurodegeneration, cancer, and infection.
Dr. Shimon SakaguchiShimon Sakaguchi(MD, PhD)
A Distinguished Professor at the World Premier International Research Initiative (WPI)-Immunology Frontier Research Center (IFReC) at Osaka University, Japan was honoured for his discovery of regulatory T cells, characterization of their role in immunity and application to the treatment of autoimmune diseases and cancer.
Lynne E. MaquatLynne E. Maquat
Professor of Biochemistry & Biophysics and Oncology in the School of Medicine and Dentistry, Director of the Center for RNA Biology received the 2015 Gairdner International Award for the for the discovery of the mechanism that destroys mutant messenger RNAs in human cells, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, which is critically important in both normal and disease states. Maquat is the first scientist from upstate New York to receive the Gairdner International Award, which is recognized for its rigorous peer-led selection process.
Michael N. Hall GairdnerMichael N. Hall (PhD)
Professor and former Chair of Biochemistry, for his discovery of the nutrient activated protein kinase TOR and elucidation of its central control of cell growth, critical to development and aging and widely implicated in cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular and immune diseases.
Lewis CantleyDr. Lewis C. Cantley
The Meyer Director of the Sandra and Edward Meyer Cancer Center, has won the 2015 Canada Gairdner International Award from the Gairdner Foundation for his groundbreaking discovery of PI 3-Kinase, a critical component of the cell signaling machinery that plays a key role in normal functions of proliferations and growth and is de-regulated in diseases such as cancer and diabetes.

Each winner will receive 100,000 Canadian dollars, or about ¥9.6 million cash prize. The recipients of 2016 Canada Gairdner International Awards will be announced on March 23, 2016, and presented at the awards dinner in Toronto on October 27, 2016.

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