Maurice Auslander was an American mathematician who worked on commutative algebra and homological algebra. He proved the Auslanderâ€“Buchsbaum theorem that regular local rings are factorial, the Auslanderâ€“Buchsbaum formula, and introduced Auslanderâ€“Reiten theory and Auslander algebras.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Auslander received his bachelor's degree and his Ph.D. from Columbia University. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1956-57. He was a professor at Brandeis University from 1957 until his death in Trondheim, Norway aged 68. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1971.