Awards & Winners

Karl Landsteiner

Date of Birth 14-June-1868
Place of Birth Vienna
Nationality United States of America, Austria
Profession Scientist, Physicist, Physician
Karl Landsteiner, ForMemRS, was an Austrian biologist and physician. He is noted for having first distinguished the main blood groups in 1900, having developed the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood, and having identified, with Alexander S. Wiener, the Rhesus factor, in 1937, thus enabling physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient′s life. With Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus, in 1909. In 1930 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was awarded a Lasker Award in 1946 posthumously and is recognized as the father of transfusion medicine.

Awards by Karl Landsteiner

Check all the awards nominated and won by Karl Landsteiner.


Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award
(Joint award for the discovery of the Rh factor and its significance as a cause of maternal, prenatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.)


Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
(for his discovery of human blood groups.)