Robert Glaser was an American educational psychologist, who has made significant contributions to theories of learning and instruction. The key areas of his research focused on the nature of aptitudes and individual differences, the interaction of knowledge and skill in expertise, the roles of testing and technology in education, and training adapted to individual differences. Glaser has also been noted for having developed the idea of individually prescribed instruction as well as making major contributions to the theory of adaptive education.
His scholarship has been recognized by several awards including the American Educational Research Association Presidential Citation Award, the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Applications of Psychology award, and the E.L. Thorndike Award for Distinguished Psychological Contributions to Education. He was also a Guggenheim Fellowship recipient and a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters.
Glaser was awarded honorary degrees from Indiana University, University of Gothenburg, University of Leuven, University of Victoria and McGill University, which summarized his contributions in the following manner: