Awards & Winners

Horace W. Babcock

Date of Birth 13-September-1912
Place of Birth Pasadena
(Los Angeles County, United States of America, California, Area code 626)
Nationality United States of America
Also know as Horace Babcock
Profession Astronomer
Horace Welcome Babcock was an American astronomer. He was the son of Harold D. Babcock. He invented and built a number of astronomical instruments, and in 1953 was the first to propose the idea of adaptive optics. He specialized in spectroscopy and the study of magnetic fields of stars. He proposed the Babcock Model, a theory for the magnetism of sunspots. During World War II, he was engaged in radiation work at MIT and Caltech. After the war he began a productive collaboration with his father. His undergraduate studies was at Caltech and his doctorate from University of California, Berkeley. Babcock's doctoral thesis contained one of the earliest indications of dark matter. He reported measurements of the rotation curve for Andromeda which suggested that the mass-to-luminosity ratio increases radially. He, however, attributed it to either absorption of light within the galaxy or modified dynamics in the outer portions of the spiral and not to any form of missing matter.

Awards by Horace W. Babcock

Check all the awards nominated and won by Horace W. Babcock.


Henry Draper Medal
(For his original and outstanding work leading to the discovery of magnetic fields in stars and also the general magnetic field of the sun.)