Awards & Winners

1992 National Medal of Science

Check winners and nominations of 1992 National Medal of Science. Check awards winners of 1992 National Medal of Science. (Click on the Award name to show winners and nominees)

National Medal of Science for Behavioral and Social Science

Eleanor J. Gibson

(For her conceptual insights in developing a theory of perceptual learning; and for achieving a deeper understanding of perceptual development in children and basic processes in reading.)
National Medal of Science for Mathematics and Computer Science

Allen Newell

(For his seminal contributions to the development of artificial intelligence, the theory of human cognition and the software and hardware of computational systems for complex information processing.)
National Medal of Science for Engineering

Calvin Quate

(For his contributions to microscopy, particularly the scanning acoustic microscope and the atomic force microscope.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Eugene Merle Shoemaker

(For his pioneering research and inspiring leadership in the geological exploration of the solar system; for his entrepreneurial creation and direction of the Branch of Astrogeology of the U.S. Geological Survey; and for his research on earth-approaching asteroids and comets and their potential impact effects.)
National Medal of Science for Chemistry

Howard Ensign Simmons, Jr.

(For his fundamental contributions to synthesis, molecular structure, and the theory of organic chemistry, and for his productive management of the premier industrial chemical research program in the United States.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Maxine Singer

(For her outstanding scientific accomplishments and her deep concern for the societal responsibility of the scientist.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Howard Martin Temin

(For his demonstration of the existence of RNA-directed DNA synthesis, leading to the discovery of proto-oncogenes within eukaryotic cells and the role of such genes in oncogenesis by viruses and other agents, laying the foundation for our knowledge of the replication of HIV, changing our ideas about evolution, and providing vital technology for genetic engineering and human gene therapy.)
National Medal of Science for Engineering

John Roy Whinnery

(For his research contributions to microwaves, lasers, and quantum electronics; for his excellence as a teacher and author; and for his extensive services to government and professional organizations.)