Awards & Winners

2000 National Medal of Science

Check winners and nominations of 2000 National Medal of Science. Check awards winners of 2000 National Medal of Science. (Click on the Award name to show winners and nominees)

National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Nancy Coover Andreasen

(For her pivotal contributions to the social and behavioral sciences, through the integrative study of mind, brain, and behavior, by joining behavioral science with the technologies of neuroscience and neuroimaging in order to understand mental processes such as memory and creativity, and mental illnesses such as schizophrenia.)
National Medal of Science for Chemistry

John D. Baldeschwieler

(For his imaginative development of new methods for determining the properties, structures, motions and interactions of molecules and molecular assemblies, the translation of these advances into practical pharmaceutical and instrumentation products for the public benefit, and extensive service to his government and the scientific community.)
National Medal of Science for Behavioral and Social Science

Gary Becker

(For his pioneering the economic analysis of racial discrimination, inventing the economics of human resources, producing the major modern innovations in economic demography and in economic criminology, and leading recent developments in how social forces shape individual economic behavior.)
National Medal of Science for Engineering

Yuan-Cheng Fung

(For his pioneering research and leadership in the fields of bioengineering and aeroelasticity. As author, teacher, editor, and leader, his work and enthusiasm have founded the rigorous study of biomechanics, particularly of the lungs and arteries.)
National Medal of Science for Chemistry

Ralph F. Hirschmann

(For his seminal contributions to organic and to medicinal chemistry including the synthesis in solution of an enzyme (ribonuclease), his stimulation of peptide research in the Pharmaceutical Industry and for his leadership role in fostering interdisciplinary research in academia and in industry, which led to the discovery of several widely prescribed medications for human and animal health.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Willis Lamb

(For his towering contributions to classical and quantum theories of laser radiation and quantum optics, and to the proper interpretation of quantum mechanics.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Jeremiah P. Ostriker

(For his bold astrophysical insights, which have revolutionized concepts of the nature of pulsars, the ecosystem of stars and gas in our Galaxy, the sizes and masses of galaxies, the nature and distribution of dark matter and ordinary matter in the Universe, and the formation of galaxies and other cosmological structures.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Peter H. Raven

(For his contributions to the dynamics of plant systematics and evolution, the introduction of the concept of coevolution, and his major contribution to the international efforts to preserve biodiversity.)
National Medal of Science for Mathematics and Computer Science

John G. Thompson

(For his profound and lasting contributions to the mathematical sciences, providing fundamental advances for the study of finite simple groups, the inverse Galois problem and connections between group theory and number theory.)
National Medal of Science for Mathematics and Computer Science

Karen Uhlenbeck

(For her many pioneering contributions to global geometry that resulted in advances in mathematical physics and the theory of partial differential equations. Her research accomplishments are matched by her leadership and passionate involvement in mathematics training and education.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Gilbert F. White

(For outstanding leadership and scientific contributions to geography and other Earth and environmental sciences, and for helping shape cooperative efforts to assess the Nation's floodplain, water use, and natural disaster policies for more than five decades.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Carl Woese

(For his brilliant and original insights, through molecular studies of RNA sequences, to explore the history of life on Earth. His vision has revolutionized our view of life's evolution and diversity.)