Awards & Winners

2005 National Medal of Science

Check winners and nominations of 2005 National Medal of Science. Check awards winners of 2005 National Medal of Science. (Click on the Award name to show winners and nominees)

National Medal of Science for Engineering

Jan D. Achenbach

(For his seminal contributions to engineering research and education in the area of wave propagation in solids and for pioneering the field of quantitative non-destructive evaluation.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Ralph Asher Alpher

(For his unprecedented work in the areas of nucleosynthesis, for the prediction that universe expansion leaves behind background radiation, and for providing the model for the Big Bang theory.)
National Medal of Science for Behavioral and Social Science

Gordon H. Bower

(For his unparalleled contributions to cognitive and mathematical psychology, for his lucid analyses of memory and learning, and for his important service to psychology and to American science.)
National Medal of Science for Mathematics and Computer Science

Bradley Efron

(For his contributions to theoretical and applied statistics, especially the bootstrap sampling technique; for his extraordinary geometric insight into nonlinear statistical problems; and for applications in medicine, physics, and astronomy.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Anthony Fauci

(For pioneering the understanding of the mechanisms whereby the human immune system is regulated, and for his work on dissecting the mechanisms of pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that has served as the underpinning for the current strategies for the treatment of HIV disease.)
National Medal of Science for Chemistry

Tobin J. Marks

(For his pioneering research in the areas of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, organo-f-element chemistry, new electronic and photonic materials, and diverse areas of coordination and solid state chemistry.)
National Medal of Science for Physical Science

Lonnie Thompson

(For his pioneering research in paleoclimatology analyzing isotopic and chemical fingerprints found in tropical ice cores from the world's highest mountain glaciers and for his courage in collecting these disappearing climate archives that have transformed our understanding of the natural and anthropogenic factors influencing climate variability on our planet, past and present.)
National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences

Torsten Wiesel

(For providing key insights into the operation of the visual system and for the discovery of the manner in which neural connections in the brain are made during development and how they are maintained.)