James Cullen Martin was an American chemist. He specialized in organic chemistry and main group element chemistry with an emphasis on physical organic chemistry. Professor Martin is best known for his work on bonding of main group elements. He is responsible for the hexafluorocumyl alcohol derived "Martin" bidentate ligand and a tridentate analog. With his doctoral student Daniel Benjamin Dess he invented the Dess-Martin periodinane that is used for selective oxidation of alcohols. He is also known for the creation of the Martin Sulfurane. His later work included studies of the hexaiodobenzene dication that shows Ïƒ-delocalization between the iodine atoms.
In 1983, Prof. Martin served as Chair of the Organic division of the American Chemical Society.