AndrÃ© FrÃ©dÃ©ric Cournand was a French physician and physiologist.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956 along with Werner Forssmann and Dickinson W. Richards for the development of cardiac catheterization.
Born in Paris, Cournand emigrated to the United States in 1930 and, in 1941, became a naturalized citizen. For most of his career, Cournand was a professor at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and worked at Bellevue Hospital in New York City.
Many seats of medical research have recognized his work, and he has received the Anders Retzius Silver Medal of the Swedish Society for Internal Medicine, the Lasker Award of the United States Public Health Association, the John Philipps Memorial Award of the American College of Physicians, the Gold Medal of the AcadÃ©mie Royale de MÃ©decine de Belgique and of the AcadÃ©mie Nationale de MÃ©decine, Paris. He was elected Doctor of the Universities of Strasbourg, Lyon, Brussels, Pisa, and D.Sc. of the University of Birmingham.