Awards & Winners

Michael Heidelberger

Date of Birth 29-April-1888
Place of Birth New York City
(New York, United States of America, Area code 917)
Nationality United States of America
Profession Chemist
Michael Heidelberger ForMemRS was an American immunologist who is regarded as the father of modern immunology. He and Oswald Avery showed that the polysaccharides of pneumococcus are antigens, enabling him to show that antibodies are proteins. He spent almost his entire career at Columbia University, though in his later years he was also on the faculty of New York University. In 1934 and 1936 he received the Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1967 he received the National Medal of Science, and then he earned the Lasker Award for basic medical research in 1953 and again in 1978. His papers are held at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland.

Awards by Michael Heidelberger

Check all the awards nominated and won by Michael Heidelberger.


Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award
(For his elegant studies in immunochemistry, which laid the groundwork for the development of capsular purified polysaccharide vaccines for the prevention of pneumonia and meningitis.)


National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences
(For placing the science of immunology on a quantitative chemical basis, and for showing its power to reveal the structure of molecules found in the living organism.)


Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
(For decisive contributions in developing a new subscience\u2014the precise measuring tool of immunochemistry. )