Awards & Winners

Milton Friedman

Date of Birth 31-July-1912
Place of Birth Brooklyn
(United States of America, New York City, New York, New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division)
Nationality United States of America
Profession Economist, Scientist, Writer, Teacher, Statistician, Researcher, Essayist
  • A major source of objection to a free economy is precisely that group thinks they ought to want. Underlying most arguments against the free market is a lack of belief in freedom itself.
  • Governments never learn. Only people learn.
  • History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom.
  • I am favor of cutting taxes under any circumstances and for any excuse, for any reason, whenever it's possible.
  • I'm in favor of legalizing drugs. According to my values system, if people want to kill themselves, they have every right to do so. Most of the harm that comes from drugs is because they are illegal.
  • If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in 5 years there'd be a shortage of sand.
  • Only government can take perfectly good paper, cover it with perfectly good ink and make the combination worthless.
  • The government solution to a problem is usually as bad as the problem.
  • We have a system that increasingly taxes work and subsidizes nonwork.
  • Many people want the government to protect the consumer. A much more urgent problem is to protect the consumer from the government.
  • So the question is, do corporate executives, provided they stay within the law, have responsibilities in their business activities other than to make as much money for their stockholders as possible? And my answer to that is, no they do not.
  • Most economic fallacies derive - from the tendency to assume that there is a fixed pie, that one party can gain only at the expense of another.
  • History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition.
  • Never try to walk across a river just because it has an average depth of four feet.
  • There's no such thing as a free lunch.
  • The power to do good is also the power to do harm.
  • The problem of social organization is how to set up an arrangement under which greed will do the least harm, capitalism is that kind of a system.
  • Inflation is one form of taxation that can be imposed without legislation.
  • Concentrated power is not rendered harmless by the good intentions of those who create it.
Milton Friedman was an American economist, statistician, and writer who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades. He was a recipient of the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, and is known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy. As a leader of the Chicago school of economics, he profoundly influenced the research agenda of the economics profession. A survey of economists ranked Friedman as the second most popular economist of the twentieth century after John Maynard Keynes, and The Economist described him as "the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century...possibly of all of it." Friedman's challenges to what he later called "naive Keynesian" theory began with his 1950s reinterpretation of the consumption function, and he became the main advocate opposing activist Keynesian government policies. In the late 1960s he described his own approach as using "Keynesian language and apparatus" yet rejecting its "initial" conclusions. During the 1960s he promoted an alternative macroeconomic policy known as "monetarism". He theorized there existed a "natural" rate of unemployment, and argued that governments could increase employment above this rate only at the risk of causing inflation to accelerate. He argued that the Phillips curve was not stable and predicted what would come to be known as stagflation. Though opposed to the existence of the Federal Reserve, Friedman argued that, given that it does exist, a steady, small expansion of the money supply was the only wise policy.

Awards by Milton Friedman

Check all the awards nominated and won by Milton Friedman.


Presidential Medal of Freedom
National Medal of Science for Behavioral and Social Science
(For his theoretical contributions, and for application, of the principles of scientific empirical and statistical methods to the field of economics and the social sciences, and to problems critical to the Nation in general.)


Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences
(for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy)