Awards & Winners

William Penney, Baron Penney

Date of Birth 24-June-1909
Place of Birth Gibraltar
(Europe, United Kingdom, with Dependencies and Territories, Eurasia, Iberian Peninsula)
Nationality United Kingdom
Profession Physicist, Mathematician
William George Penney, Baron Penney OM, KBE, PhD, DSc, FRS, FRSE, FIC, Hon FCGI, was an English mathematician and professor of mathematical physics at the Imperial College London and later the rector of Imperial College. He is acknowledged as having a leading and integral role in the development of Britain's nuclear programme, a clandestine programme started in 1942 during World War II which produced the first British atomic bomb in 1952. As the head of the British delegation working in the Manhattan Project, Penney initially carried out calculations to predict the damage effects generated by the blast wave of an atomic bomb. Upon returning home, Penney directed Britain's own nuclear weapons directorate, codename Tube Alloys, and directed scientific research at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment which resulted in the first detonation of a British nuclear bomb, in 1952. After the test, Penney became chief adviser to the newly created British government's United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority. He was later chairman of the authority, which he used in international negotiations to control nuclear testing with the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

Awards by William Penney, Baron Penney

Check all the awards nominated and won by William Penney, Baron Penney.


Rumford Medal
(In recognition of his distingsuihed and paramount personal contribution to the establishment of economic nuclear energy in Great Britain.)