Awards & Winners

1955 Pulitzer Prize

Check winners and nominations of 1955 Pulitzer Prize. Check awards winners of 1955 Pulitzer Prize. (Click on the Award name to show winners and nominees)

1955 Pulitzer Prize

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

William Faulkner

Honored for : A Fable
Pulitzer Prize for Drama

Tennessee Williams

Honored for : Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Pulitzer Prize for Music

Gian Carlo Menotti

Honored for : The Saint of Bleecker Street
Pulitzer Prize for Public Service


(For its complete news coverage and fearless editorial attack on widespread corruption in neighboring Phenix City, Alabama, which were effective in destroying a corrupt and racket-ridden city government.)
Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting

Roland Kenneth Towery

(For his series of articles exclusively exposing a scandal in the administration of the Veterans' Land Program in Texas. This 32-year-old World War II veteran, a former prisoner of the Japanese, made these irregularities a state-wide and subsequently a national issue, and stimulated state action to rectify conditions in the land program.)
Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting

Anthony Lewis

(For publishing a series of articles which were adjudged directly responsible for clearing Abraham Chasanow, an employee of the U.S. Navy Department, and bringing about his restoration to duty with an acknowledgment by the Navy Department that it had committed a grave injustice in dismissing him as a security risk. Mr. Lewis received the full support of his newspaper in championing an American citizen, without adequate funds or resources for his defense, against an unjust act by a government department. This is in the best tradition of American journalism.)
Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting

Harrison Salisbury

(For his distinguished series of articles, 'Russia Re-Viewed,' based on his six years as a Times correspondent in Russia. The perceptive and well-written Salisbury articles made a valuable contribution to American understanding of what is going on inside Russia. This was principally due to the writer's wide range of subject matter and depth of background plus a number of illuminating photographs which he took.)
Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing

Royce Howes

(For an editorial on 'The Cause of a Strike,' impartially and clearly analyzing the responsibility of both labor and management for a local union's unauthorized strike in July, 1954, which rendered 45,000 Chrysler Corporation workers idle and unpaid. By pointing out how and why the parent United Automobile Workers' Union ordered the local strike called off and stating that management let dissatisfaction get out of hand, the editorial made a notable contribution to public understanding of the whole program of the respective responsibilities and relationships of labor and management in this field.)
Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning

Daniel R. Fitzpatrick

(For a cartoon published on June 8, 1954 entitled, 'How Would Another Mistake Help?' showing Uncle Sam, bayoneted rifle in hand, pondering whether to wade into a black marsh bearing the legend 'French Mistakes in Indo-China.' The award is also given for distinguished body of the work of Mr. Fitzpatrick in both 1954 and his entire career.)
Pulitzer Prize for Photography

John L. Gaunt

(For a photo that is poignant and profoundly moving, entitled, Tragedy by the Sea, showing a young couple standing together beside an angry sea in which only a few minutes earlier their year-old son had perished.)
Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography

William Smith White

Honored for : The Taft story
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry

Wallace Stevens

Honored for : Collected Poems
Pulitzer Prize for History

Paul Horgan

Honored for : Great River
Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting

Mrs. Caro Brown

Honored for : Daily Echo
([Local Reporting Edition Time] For a series of news stories dealing with the successful attack on one-man political rule in neighboring Duval County, written under unusual pressure both of edition time and difficult, even dangerous, circumstances. Mrs. Brown dug into the facts behind the dramatic daily events, as well, and obtained her stories in spite of the bitterest political opposition, showing professional skill and courage.)